The Russian Duma (House of Commons) voted on a bill on Friday to ask Internet service providers to block sites that offer VPNs or other network proxy services, the media reported. The bill will be vested in the Russian Federation Council (Parliamentary House of Lords) and signed by the President will become a formal law.
In the country Duma passed the bill this weekend, more than 2,000 people marched in the streets of Moscow to protest the bill, protest slogans include "the truth is more powerful than the censorship system", "free country, free internet" and so on.
The Russian Federation Telecommunication and Mass Media Department's Communications Technology and Mass Media Supervision Office (Roskomnadzor), which was established in 2008, is responsible for specific domestic Internet regulation and review, and some Internet sites are subject to screening, technical monitoring and other means of inspection.
Beginning in 1998, the Russian government on the provisions of the Russian telecom operators must be in the backbone network to install the Federal Security Agency's special hardware, used to monitor user data, such as e-mail, website visits and so on. Beginning in 2014, the system was upgraded to sniff the IPv6 domain name separately, to obscure the user ID in the carrier system, obtain the network address and serial number of the user's device, and so on.
The review and monitoring of Internet content began with large-scale protests since 2011, and at the beginning of the day, there were reasons to meet universal values. In 2012, the Russian government through the "blacklist" law, the government can be targeted for certain specific content of the site to blockade, such as extremism, child pornography and abuse, sexual transactions, violations of existing social order and so on. But in the implementation of the government's management of the more expanded the larger.
Such as the appeal of a website against the court's findings of the 2012 Bologna Najia Square riots, was considered "incitement to commit illegal acts"; the "Dumb Ways to Die", the website of the traffic accident video, Suicide propaganda "; LGBT minority social networks are considered" propagating non-traditional relationships ". Etc. These sites are blocked or closed.
In 2014, Russia through the "Blog Act", asked the site operators must be the Russian citizens of the user information stored in the territory of Russia.
In Russian law, in addition to the Communications Technology and Mass Media Supervision Authority, agencies such as the Federal Drug Administration, the Consumer Protection Agency and the Office of the Attorney General can shield the contents of the blacklist without special legal authority. While Internet providers do not have to pay legal responsibility for content review.
In 2016, with the Kremlin and the Russian Orthodox Church is closely related to the Russian rich Konstantin Malofeev (Konstantin Malofeev) Internet lobby group "Security Internet Alliance" in Moscow received by the China Network Office Director Lu Wei And Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, the former president Fang Binxing led a large delegation. The group wants to learn Chinese technology.
Currently, some of the sites on the Internet are partially screened by the Russian government, such as the Wikipedia page on Russia, the Wikipedia page on marijuana and smoking, the code hosting site GitHub, the Facebook page for some dissidents, including bitcoin.org Official website site, such as Bitcoin pages, human resources social networking site LinkedIn, and porn sites Pornhub and so on.
Last year, 22-year-old blogger, Ruslan Sokolovsky, uploaded a video of Pokemon Go near the Orthodox church, accused of inciting religious hatred and sentenced to three and a half years in May The